Cancer Stages | Type | Diet & Treatment

Cancer Stages, Type, Diet & Treatment – Generally, the smallest unit of our body is called a cell. Normally this cell grows in our body in a regular way and keeps on dividing. When a cell becomes old, it dies and is replaced by a new cell. Each cell is governed by genes that instruct the cell on how to function when to divide, and when to grow. When a gene loses control of a cell, it begins to grow abnormally. Such a condition is called cancer.

Cancer Stages : How Many Types Of Cancer Stages

Cancer Stages – To understand the stages of cancer, it is divided into 5 steps. Most cancers are tumors. These stages show in which stage the cancer is.

Cancer Stage 0 – This stage of cancer shows that the cancer is not normally in the body, but abnormal cells are present in the body that can develop into cancer.

Cancer Stage 1 – In this stage the tumor appears small, and abnormal cells grow in a limited area. What this means here is that the cancer is localized to a small area, and has not spread to lymph nodes or other tissues.

Cancer Stage 2 – In the second stage, the tumor enlarges, and cancer cells begin to spread to nearby lymph nodes. But this does not mean that the cancer has completely spread. Rather, the cancer has grown, but not spread. Right now it is in its initial stage..

Cancer Stage 3 – In this stage, the cancer becomes large and may have spread to lymph nodes or other tissues. But still the chances of getting it cured by treatment are high.

Cancer Stage 4 – This is the last and most dangerous stage of cancer. In this stage, the cancer starts spreading from one organ to another. This stage is also called metastatic or advanced cancer. Very advanced treatment is required for its treatment.

Type of Cancer

  • Carcinoma
  • Sarcoma
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma

What is Carcinoma

What is Carcinoma – Carcinoma cancer usually occurs in the epithelial tissue. Epithelial tissue forms the surface of organs outside the body. Such as the skin, the surface of the intestine, the inner surface of the mouth and the inner surface of the nose etc. Carcinoma is considered the most common type of cancer. Main examples of carcinoma – prostate cancer, and breast cancer. This is a cancer of the cells of the skin self-sustaining etc.

What is Sarcoma

What is Sarcoma – This is a malignant cancer that occurs in the connective tissues. Connective tissues are also called connective tissues, which work to connect different parts of the body with each other. Example – Cancer of adipose tissue, areolar tissue, ligament and bone.

What is Leukemia

What is Leukemia – This is a cancer of the blood. This happens when white blood cells start to form irregularly in the blood. The main types of leukemia include lymphocytic (acute and cranial), myeloid (acute and chronic). The terms lymphocytic and myeloid leukemia refer to cancers of cells that are mutating into white blood cells in the bone marrow.

What is Lymphoma

What is Lymphoma – This is a cancer of the lymph and its related organs. Lymph (lymphatic fluid) is a special fluid, which is formed in the microscopic spaces between the tissues. It is spread in different parts of the body in the form of lymphatic vessels and glands. Lymphocytes contain lymphocytes, which help the body fight infection. Cancers in these areas (lymphomas) are often of two types. Those are called Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

Apart from this, cancer is also divided by the following names in the part of the body where cancer occurred.

Breast Cancer, Protest Cancer, Uterine Cancer, Blood Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colon Cancer, Throat Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Skin Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Brain Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Kidney Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Vaginal Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Endometrial Cancer and Oral Cancer etc…

Cancer Treatment

Doctors start treatment depending on the type, location, or stage of cancer. The main treatments for cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy.

Surgical Treatment – ​​In this treatment, the abnormally growing part of the cells is removed, this procedure is done by biopsy technique only. This procedure is usually done when the tumor is in a place that is easily accessible.

Non-surgical treatment – ​​In this, a chemotherapy procedure is used. In chemotherapy, abnormally growing cells are destroyed with the help of special drugs.

Apart from this, radiotherapy is also included in non-surgical treatment, because in this tumor or abnormally growing fat is melted or destroyed with the help of gamma rays.

Sometimes both surgical and non-surgical procedures are used in treatment procedures. First chemotherapy or radiotherapy is done. With the help of which the size of the tumor is reduced and then the tumor is removed with the help of surgery. After surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are done again, so that the cancer cells do not spread to the surrounding area.

There are also some other treatment procedures to treat cancer. Such as – hormone therapy, immunotherapy and bisphosphonate etc. These treatment procedures are used in special circumstances. Example – Hormonotherapy can be a good option for prostate cancer.

Damage and Problems Caused by Cancer:-

The damage caused by cancer usually depends on its type. If the size of the tumor is still small, then the cancer is in an early stage. It is easy to treat, and the results are good. Cancers that spread (metastegic) can cause more complications and risks. There can be some complications regarding different parts of the body, like – Liver Failure, Heart Failure, Kidney Failure, Pulmonary Edema And Weakening Of The Immune System etc..

Life with Cancer And After Cancer

People affected by cancer should adopt a normal lifestyle to keep their goals in control and improve their lives.

  • Eat a healthy home-cooked diet that is rich in nutrients.
  • Exercise daily for 30-40 minutes, you can exercise for 4-5 days a week. If you can’t get enough exercise, walk for 1 hour daily.
  • Do not consume tobacco or alcoholic products.
  • Get your health checked regularly to see how well the cancer is under control.
  • To reduce physical and mental stress, do yoga and meditation or do any of your favorite work.
  • Watch your favorite show or a movie on TV to reduce stress.
  • Always try to be happy, because not all cancers are incurable or deadly.

Cancer Causing Foods

According to the report of the World Health Organization (WHO), processed meat is the main factor associated with colorectal and stomach related cancer. Which is classified by WHO in Group 1. Examples of processed meats with carcinogenic properties are Frankfurter hotdogs, ham, sausages, corned beef, beef jerky and canned meats etc.

Substitutes: Optionally, white meat (chicken or turkey), fish, or meat substitutes such as quorn, tofu, or seitan. All of these can be eaten as an alternative.

Red meat is considered the strongest cause of colorectal cancer by the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Cancer Council recommends consuming more than 65-100 grams of cooked red meat in 1 week to reduce the risk of cancer. should not eat.

Alternatives: Substitute beans, lentils, green vegetables, salads, fruits, cheese, eggs, white meat, or fish for red meat. Create a new recipe by changing the recipe for white meat itself. Avoid red meat as much as possible. This may reduce the chances of cancer to some extent.

Alcohol is classified as a cause of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, breast, liver, stomach, and intestine, with the World Health Organization (WHO) classifying it as a Group 1 carcinogen. Although red wine is placed in the middle-class group, if possible, do not drink alcohol.

Alternatives: You will have to find an alternative to alcohol yourself, as there is no point in talking about this issue. The WHO World Health Organization has classified red wine in the second group, but our best advice is to avoid it as much as possible.

In Southeast Asia, salted fish is made, which WHO has considered to be a carcinogen. Chinese-style salted fish, like processed meat, is a Group 1 carcinogen. It can cause cancer in humans. Therefore, by avoiding the fish dishes made in this method, the chances of getting cancer can be reduced.

Alternatives: Fresh fish or seafood such as prawns or squid. If possible, find a good option in these. Avoid stale and processed meat, this substitution process can also reduce the chances of cancer.

Obesity is a big problem nowadays. Obesity is one of the main worrying factors for many types of cancer, that is if you consume sugary beverages regularly and physical exercise is not done then the weight will increase. If possible, drink fewer such beverages and move towards a balanced diet, and do physical exercise-related work in the routine for some time every day.

Alternatives: If you don’t like sugary drinks or any other alternative to non-diet soda, go for low-sugar beverages. Do some physical exercise every day and keep the body fit.

The World Cancer Research Fund recommends limiting fats, starches, or sugars in fast food, rancid street food, and other types of processed foods. This type of food is the main cause of obesity in the body.

Options: Homemade sandwiches on wholegrain bread, homemade food, sushi, or salad. Or any other food that can be made at home and is not a product with carcinogenic properties.

Yoga and Pranayam Benefits in Cancer

Pranayama Benefits In Cancer

  • Kapalbhati Pranayama
  • Anulom Bilom
  • Ujjayi Pranayama
  • Bhramari Pranayama
  • Udrith Pranayama
  • Sheetali Pranayama
  • Shitkari Pranayama

Yoga Benefits In Cancer

  • Sukshm Vyayam
  • Mandukasana
  • Ustrasana
  • Ardha Ustrasana
  • Vakrasana
  • Shashakasana
  • Gomukhasana
  • Pawanmuktasana
  • Uttanpadasana
  • Naukasan
  • Makarasana
  • Bhujangasana
  • mercatasana


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